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지역에 따라서, 혹은 최근에는 더욱 세대에 따라서 분열된 우리나라와 달리 미국은 흔히 공화당을 지지하는 보수적인 빨간주와 민주당 지지세의 진보적 파란 주로 분열된다고 말한다.
특히 미국 대선때마다 보게되는 익숙한 파랑-빨강 지도만 보면 미국은 정치적으로 확연하게 두 가지 세력으로 나뉘어져 있는 것 같다. 보수와 진보, 도시와 시골, 자본가와 노동자, 백인과 흑인, 신앙심과 세속주의(혹은 휴머니즘)의 대결이 곧 미국이라고.

하지만 전혀 그렇지 않다는 것이 이 책의 주장이다.
미국은 근본적으로 17세기 정착기때부터 연방을 이루고 전쟁을 치르는 수백년 동안 단 한번도 의견 일치를 본 적이 없는 11개 '지역 국민'으로 분열되어 있었다고 한다.
역사책을 보면 초기 식민지들이 뜻을 모아 독립선언서에 합의한 것으로 나오지만, 사실은 '건국의 아버지들'이 있긴 하였으나 단 하나의 '원형의 가치'따위는 없었다고 말이다.

스페인 식민지들에서 출발한 '엘 노르테'
프랑스 식민지인들이 세운 '뉴프랑스'
영국식 귀족국가를 꿈꾼 '타이드워터'
청교도주의의 이상적 국가를 꿈꾼 '양키덤'
어떤 가치보다 상업적 자유를 추구한 '뉴네덜란드'
카리브해식 노예제 사회를 건설하고자 한 '딥 사우스'
다양한 종교와 민족의 사람들이 조화롭게 살기를 꿈꾼 '미들랜드'
누구의 간섭도 거부하는 '그레이터 애팔래치아'

초기 정착민의 출신부터 추구하는 이상적 사회상까지 공통점을 찾기 어려웠던 이들 국민들은 일련의 역사적 상황에서 자신들의 이익을 위해 서로 연합하고 적대하기를 반복했지만 단 한번도 한 마음으로 뭉친 적은 없었다.

이들의 분포(위 그림)는 현재 주 경계와는 아무 상관이 없다.
그리고 우리에게 익숙한 미국 대선의 공화-민주의 빨강-파랑 지도도 조금 더 세세하게 들여다보면 주의 경계와는 무관하게 분포하고 있는 이들 11개 국민들의 경계를 나타내고 있다.

처음 제시된 주장은 아니라고 하지만
저널리스트가 쓴 책 답게 두께에 비해 상당히 잘 읽히고 흥미진진하다.

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16:46:54

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